28-04-17

Zia Haider Rahman, Wim Hazeu, Roberto Bolaño, Gerhard Henschel, Harper Lee, Joop Waasdorp, Karl Kraus, Ğabdulla Tuqay, Charles Cotton

 

De Britse schrijver Zia Haider Rahman werd in 1969 geboren op het platteland van Bangladesh in de regio Sylhet. Zie ook alle tags voor Zia Haider Rahman op dit blog.

Uit: In the Light of What We Know

“I had not heard the name of the twentieth-century Austrian-American mathematician Kurt Gödel since a July weekend in New York, in the early 1990s, when I was visiting from London for a month of induction at the head offices of an investment bank into which I had recently been recruited. In some part I owe my recruitment to the firm, of which I later became a partner, to Zafar, who was already a derivatives trader in the bank’s Wall Street offices and who had quickly established a reputation as a bright though erratic financial wizard.
Like Zafar, I was a student of mathematics at Oxford, but that, to put it imprecisely, was the beginning and the end of what we had in common. Mine was a privileged background. My father was born into a well-known landed family in Pakistan, where he met and married my mother. From there, the newly-weds went to Princeton, where they had me, making me an American citizen, and where my father obtained his doctorate before moving to Oxford so that he could take up a chair in physics. I am no genius and I know that without the best English schooling, I would not have been able to make as much as I have of the opportunities that came my way.
Zafar, however, arrived at Oxford in 1987 with a peculiar education, largely cobbled together by his own efforts, having been bored, when not bullied, out of one school after another. His family moved to Britain when he was no more than five years old, but then, at the age of twelve, or ten, by the new reckoning, he returned from Britain to rural Bangladesh for an interval of some years.
To him, Oxford must have seemed, as the expression goes, a long way to come. In our first term there, as we lounged in the Junior Common Room beside windows that gave out onto the garden quad, I observed that Zafar’s pronunciation of the names of various Continental mathematicians – Lebesgue, Gauss, Cauchy, Legendre, and Euler – was grotesquely inaccurate. Though my first reaction, I am a little ashamed to say, was to find this rather amusing, I soon grasped that Zafar’s errors marked his learning as his own, unlike mine, which carried the imprint of excellent schoolmasters. I must confess to a certain envy at the time."

 

 
Zia Haider Rahman (Sylhet, 1969)

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28-04-16

Zia Haider Rahman, Wim Hazeu, Roberto Bolaño, Gerhard Henschel, Harper Lee, Joop Waasdorp, Karl Kraus, Ğabdulla Tuqay

 

De Britse schrijver Zia Haider Rahman werd in 1969 geboren op het platteland van Bangladesh in de regio Sylhet. Zie ook alle tags voor Zia Haider Rahman op dit blog.

Uit: In het licht van wat wij weten (Vertaald door Anne Jongeling en Carla Hazewindus)

“Op een ochtend in september 2008 stond er een broodmagere man op de stoep van ons huis in South Kensington. Hij had een donkere huid, scherpe jukbeenderen en een woeste baard. Ik schatte hem achter in de veertig, begin vijftig en hij was ongeveer één meter tachtig, een centimeter of twee kleiner dan ik. Zijn waterdichte jack met een sluiting van klittenband, hing open. De mouwen waren iets te kort, en aan de lichte streep boven zijn rechterhand te zien had daar waarschijnlijk een horloge gezeten. De veters van zijn afgetrapte schoenen waren verschillend van kleur en de zakken van zijn cargobroek puilden uit van allerlei ondefinieerbare zaken. Er hing een rugzakje om zijn schouder en tegen de deurpost stond een canvas plunjezak.
Door zijn manier van spreken maakte hij een enigszins opgewonden indruk, niet warrig maar indringend, en duidelijk niet van zins zich in de rede te laten vallen, alsof hij een onderbroken gesprek hervatte. Ik stond daar maar zonder wat te zeggen terwijl ik mijn best deed om iets aan hem te ontdekken wat me bekend voorkwam, toen ik plotseling getroffen werd door een Duitse naam die ik al bijna twintig jaar niet had gehoord.
Op dat moment drongen de details van wat er gebeurde niet echt tot me door, die kwamen pas later bij me boven, toen ik bezig was alles wat ik me kon herinneren op papier te zetten. Ik heb altijd in de financiële sector gewerkt, een business waarin het om de fijne kneepjes gaat, zoals de kleine bewegingen in de beurskoersen waar het lot van miljoenen dollars, ponden, en zelfs yens van af kan hangen. Maar ik moet eerlijk bekennen dat het succes dat ik in mijn loopbaan heb gehad – als je tenminste kunt spreken van succes – niet zozeer te danken was aan mijn oog voor detail, een veel-voorkomende eigenschap in deze branche, als aan mijn vermogen patronen in het grote geheel te zien waarin zich nieuwe zakelijke mogelijkheden aftekenen.”

 

 
Zia Haider Rahman (Sylhet, 1969)

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19-02-16

In Memoriam Harper Lee

 

In Memoriam Harper Lee

De Amerikaanse schrijfster Nelle Harper Lee, de schrijfster van het boek 'To Kill a Mockingbird' is op 89-jarige leeftijd overleden. Dat heeft haar uitgever Random House vrijdag bevestigd. Nelle Harper Lee werd geboren in Monroeville op 28 april 1926. Zie ook alle tags voor Harper Lee op dit blog.

Uit:To Kill a Mockingbird

“Boo's transition from the basement to back home was nebulous in Jem's memory. Miss Stephanie Crawford said some of the town council told Mr. Radley that if he didn't take Boo back, Boo would die of mold from the damp. Besides, Boo could not live forever on the bounty of the county.
Nobody knew what form of intimidation Mr. Radley employed to keep Boo out of sight, but Jem figured that Mr. Radley kept him chained to the bed most of the time. Atticus said no, it wasn't that sort of thing, that there were other ways of making people into ghosts.
My memory came alive to see Mrs. Radley occasionally open the front door, walk to the edge of the porch, and pour water on her cannas. But every day Jem and I would see Mr. Radley walking to and from town. He was a thin leathery man with colorless eyes, so colorless they did not reflect light. His cheekbones were sharp and his mouth was wide, with a thin upper lip and a full lower lip. Miss Stephanie Crawford said he was so upright he took the word of God as his only law, and we believed her, because Mr. Radley's posture was ramrod straight.
He never spoke to us. When he passed we would look at the ground and say, "Good morning, sir," and he would cough in reply. Mr. Radley's elder son lived in Pensacola; he came home at Christmas, and he was one of the few persons we ever saw enter or leave the place. From the day Mr. Radley took Arthur home, people said the house died.
But there came a day when Atticus told us he'd wear us out if we made any noise in the yard and commissioned Calpurnia to serve in his absence if she heard a sound out of us. Mr. Radley was dying.
He took his time about it. Wooden sawhorses blocked the road at each end of the Radley lot, straw was put down on the sidewalk, traffic was diverted to the back street. Dr. Reynolds parked his car in front of our house and walked to the Radley's every time he called. Jem and I crept around the yard for days. At last the sawhorses were taken away, and we stood watching from the front porch when Mr. Radley made his final journey past our house.”

 

 
Harper Lee (28 april 1926 – 19 februari 2016)

28-04-15

Roberto Bolaño, Harper Lee, Karl Kraus, Nezahualcóyotl, Ğabdulla Tuqay

 

De Chileense dichter en schrijver Roberto Bolaño werd geboren op 28 april 1953 in Santiago de Chile. Zie ook alle tags voor Roberto Bolaño op dit blog.

Uit: 2666 (Vertaald door Natasha Wimmer)

“Reading these two novels only reinforced the opinion he’d already formed of Archimboldi. In 1983, at the age of twenty-two, he undertook the task of translating D’Arsonval. No one asked him to do it. At the time, there was no French publishing house interested in publishing the German author with the funny name. Essentially Pelletier set out to translate the book because he liked it, and because he enjoyed the work, although it also occurred to him that he could submit the translation, prefaced with a study of the Archimboldian oeuvre, as his thesis, and — why not? — as the foundation of his future dissertation.
He completed the final draft of the translation in 1984, and a Paris publishing house, after some inconclusive and contradictory readings, accepted it and published Archimboldi. Though the novel seemed destined from the start not to sell more than a thousand copies, the first printing of three thousand was exhausted after a couple of contradictory, positive, even effusive reviews, opening the door for second, third, and fourth printings.
By then Pelletier had read fifteen books by the German writer, translated two others, and was regarded almost universally as the preeminent authority on Benno von Archimboldi across the length and breadth of France.
Then Pelletier could think back on the day when he first read Archimboldi, and he saw himself, young and poor, living in a chambre de bonne, sharing the sink where he washed his face and brushed his teeth with fifteen other people who lived in the same dark garret, shitting in a horrible and notably unhygienic bathroom that was more like a latrine or cesspit, also shared with the fifteen residents of the garret, some of whom had already returned to the provinces, their respective university degrees in hand, or had moved to slightly more comfortable places in Paris itself, or were still there — just a few of them — vegetating or slowly dying of revulsion.”

 

 
Roberto Bolaño (28 april 1953 – 15 juli 2003)

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28-04-14

Roberto Bolaño, Harper Lee, Karl Kraus, Nezahualcóyotl, Ğabdulla Tuqay

 

De Chileense dichter en schrijver Roberto Bolaño werd geboren op 28 april 1953 in Santiago de Chile. Zie ook alle tags voor Roberto Bolaño op dit blog.

Uit:The Savage Detectives

« Asking Álamo these questions was, as I soon learned, a sign of my tactlessness. At first I thought he was smiling in admiration. Later I realized it was actually contempt. Mexican poets (poets in general, I guess) hate to have their ignorance brought to light. But I didn't back down, and after he had ripped apart a few of my poems at the second session, I asked him whether he knew what a rispetto was. Álamo thought that I was demanding respect for my poems, and he went off on a tirade about objective criticism (for a change), a minefield that every young poet must cross, etc., but I cut him off, and after explaining that never in my short life had I demanded respect for my humble creations, I put the question to him again, this time enunciating as clearly as possible.
"Don't give me this crap," said Álamo.
"A rispetto, professor, is a kind of lyrical verse, romantic to be precise, similar to the strambotto, with six or eight hendecasyllabic lines, the first four in the form of a serventesio and the following composed in rhyming couplets. For example ..." And I was about to give him an example or two when Álamo jumped up and cut me off. What happened next is hazy (although I have a good memory): I remember Álamo laughing along with the four or five other members of the workshop. I think they may have been making fun of me.
Anyone else would have left and never gone back, but despite my unhappy memories (or my unhappy failure to remember what had happened, at least as unfortunate as remembering would have been), the next week there I was, punctual as always.
I think destiny brought me back. This was the fifth session of Álamo's workshop that I'd attended (but it might just as well have been the eighth or the ninth, since lately I've been noticing that time can expand or contract at will), and tension, the alternating current of tragedy, was palpable in the air, although no one could explain why.”

 

 
Roberto Bolaño (28 april 1953 – 15 juli 2003)

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28-04-13

Roberto Bolaño, Harper Lee, Karl Kraus, Nezahualcóyotl

 

De Chileense dichter en schrijver Roberto Bolaño werd geboren op 28 april 1953 in Santiago de Chile. Zie ook alle tags voor Roberto Bolaño op dit blog.

 

 

GODZILLA IN MEXICO

 

Listen carefully, my son: bombs were falling
over Mexico City
but no one even noticed.
The air carried poison through
the streets and open windows.
You'd just finished eating and were watching
cartoons on TV.
I was reading in the bedroom next door
when I realized we were going to die.
Despite the dizziness and nausea I dragged myself
to the kitchen and found you on the floor.
We hugged. You asked what was happening
and I didn’t tell you we were on death’s program
but instead that we were going on a journey,
one more, together, and that you shouldn’t be afraid.
When it left, death didn’t even
close our eyes.
What are we? you asked a week or year later,
ants, bees, wrong numbers
in the big rotten soup of chance?
We’re human beings, my son, almost birds,
public heroes and secrets.

 

 

 

 

Ernesto Cardenal and I

 

I was out walking, sweaty and with hair plastered

to my face

when I saw Ernesto Cardenal approaching

from the opposite direction

and by way of greeting I said:

Father, in the Kingdom of Heaven

that is communism,

is there a place for homosexuals?

Yes, he said.  

And for impenitent masturbators?

For sex slaves?

For sex fools?

For sadomasochists, for whores, for those obsessed  

with enemas,  

for those who can't take it anymore, those who really truly  

can't take it anymore?

And Cardenal said yes.  

And I raised my eyes

and the clouds looked like

the pale pink smiles of cats

and the trees cross-stitched on the hill

(the hill we've got to climb)

shook their branches.  

Savage trees, as if saying

some day, sooner rather than later, you'll have to come

into my rubbery arms, into my scraggly arms,

into my cold arms. A botanical frigidity

that'll stand your hair on end.

 

 

 

Vertaald door Laura Healy

 

 

 

 

Roberto Bolaño (28 april 1953 – 15 juli 2003)

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28-04-11

Roberto Bolaño, Harper Lee, Karl Kraus, Nezahualcóyotl, Auguste Barbier

 

De Chileense schrijver Roberto Bolaño werd geboren op 28 april 1953 in Santiago de Chile. Zie ook mijn blog van 28 april 2009 en ook mijn blog van 28 april 2010.

 

Uit: 2666 (Vertaald door Christina Hansen)

 

Die Tote lag auf einer kleinen Brache in der Siedlung Las Flores. Sie trug ein weißes, langärmliges Hemd und einen gelben, knielangen Rock höherer Konfektionsgröße. Spielende Kinder hatten sie gefunden und ihre Eltern benachrichtigt. Eine der Mütter verständigte die Polizei, die eine halbe Stunde später eintraf. Die Brache grenzte an die Straßen Peláez und Hermanos Chacón und reichte bis zu einem Abwassergraben, hinter dem sich die Mauern einer verlassenen und schon verfallenen Molkerei erhoben. Die Straße war menschenleer, weshalb die Polizisten zuerst dachten, jemand habe sich einen Scherz erlaubt. Dennoch parkten sie ihren Streifenwagen in der Calle Peláez, und einer der Beamten sah sich auf der Brachfläche um. Nach kurzer Zeit entdeckte er zwei Frauen, die mit verhüllten Köpfen betend zwischen den Sträuchern knieten. Von weitem sahen sie aus wie alte Frauen, aber das täuschte. Vor ihnen lag die Leiche. Ohne sie zu stören, machte der Polizist auf demselben Weg kehrt und winkte seinen Kollegen heran, der rauchend im Wagen auf ihn wartete. Dann gingen beide (der aus dem Auto mit gezückter Pistole) wieder zurück zu den Frauen, blieben neben ihnen stehen und betrachteten die Leiche. Der mit der gezückten Pistole fragte, ob sie die Tote kennen würden. Nein, Señor, sagte die eine. Wir haben sie noch nie gesehen. Die ist nicht von hier.
Das geschah 1993. Januar 1993. Seit diesem Vorfall begann man, die Frauenmorde zu zählen. Vermutlich hatte es schon vorher Morde gegeben. Die erste Tote hieß Esperanza Gómez Saldaña und war dreizehn Jahre alt. Vermutlich war sie nicht die Erste. Vielleicht aus Bequemlichkeit, weil sie das erste Mordopfer des Jahres 1993 war, führt sie die Liste an.“

 

 

 

Roberto Bolaño (28 april 1953 – 15 juli 2003)

 

 

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28-04-10

Roberto Bolaño, Harper Lee, Karl Kraus, Nezahualcóyotl, Auguste Barbier, Ğabdulla Tuqay, Charles Cotton, Bruno Apitz


De Chileense schrijver Roberto Bolaño werd geboren op 28 april 1953 in Santiago de Chile. Zie ook mijn blog van 28 april 2009.

 

Uit: 2666 (Vertaald door Natasha Wimmer)

 

“The first time that Jean-Claude Pelletier read Benno von Archimboldi was Christmas 1980, in Paris, when he was nineteen years old and studying German literature. The book in question was D’Arsonval. The young Pelletier didn’t realize at the time that the novel was part of a trilogy (made up of the English-themed The Garden and the Polish-themed The Leather Mask, together with the clearly French-themed D’Arsonval), but this ignorance or lapse or bibliographical lacuna, attributable only to his extreme youth, did nothing to diminish the wonder and admiration that the novel stirred in him.

From that day on (or from the early morning hours when he concluded his maiden reading) he became an enthusiastic Archimboldian and set out on a quest to find more works by the author. This was no easy task. Getting hold of books by Benno von Archimboldi in the 1980s, even in Paris, was an effort not lacking in all kinds of difficulties. Almost no reference to Archimboldi could be found in the university’s German department. Pelletier’s professors had never heard of him. One said he thought he recognized the name. Ten minutes later, to Pelletier’s outrage (and horror), he realized that the person his professor had in mind was the Italian painter, regarding whom he soon revealed himself to be equally ignorant.

Pelletier wrote to the Hamburg publishing house that had published D’Arsonval and received no response. He also scoured the few German bookstores he could find in Paris. The name Archimboldi appeared in a dictionary of German literature and in a Belgian magazine devoted — whether as a joke or seriously, he never knew — to the literature of Prussia. In 1981, he made a trip to Bavaria with three friends from the German department, and there, in a little bookstore in Munich, on Voralmstrasse, he found two other books: the slim volume titled Mitzi’s Treasure, less than one hundred pages long, and the aforementioned English novel, The Garden.”

 

 

 

roberto-bolano
Roberto Bolaño (28 april 1953 – 15 juli 2003)

 

 

 

 

De Amerikaans schrijfster Nelle Harper Lee werd geboren in Monroeville op 28 april 1926. Zie ook mijn blog van 28 april 2009.

 

Uit: To Kill a Mockingbird

 

Mindful of John Wesley's strictures on the use of many words in buying and selling, Simon made a pile practicing medicine, but in this pursuit he was unhappy lest he be tempted into doing what he knew was not for the glory of God, as the putting on of gold and costly apparel. So Simon, having forgotten his teacher's dictum on the possession of human chattels, bought three slaves and with their aid established a homestead on the banks of the Alabama River some forty miles above Saint Stephens. He returned to Saint Stephens only once, to find a wife, and with her established a line that ran high to daughters. Simon lived to an impressive age and died rich.

It was customary for the men in the family to remain on Simon's homestead, Finch's Landing, and make their living from cotton. The place was self-sufficient: modest in comparison with the empires around it, the Landing nevertheless produced everything required to sustain life except ice, wheat flour, and articles of clothing, supplied by river-boats from Mobile.

Simon would have regarded with impotent fury the disturbance between the North and the South, as it left his descendants stripped of everything but their land, yet the tradition of living on the land remained unbroken until well into the twentieth century, when my father, Atticus Finch, went to Montgomery to read law, and his younger brother went to Boston to study medicine. Their sister Alexandra was the Finch who remained at the Landing: she married a taciturn man who spent most of his time lying in a hammock by the river wondering if his trot-lines were full.“

 

 

 

harper-lee
Harper Lee (Monroeville, 28 april 1926)

 

 

 

 

De Joods-Oostenrijkse dichter, schrijver en journalist Karl Kraus werd geboren in Jičin, Bohemen, Oostenrijk-Hongarije (thans Tsjechië) op 28 april 1874. Zie ook mijn blog van 28 april 2007 en ook mijn blog van 28 april 2008 en ook mijn blog van 28 april 2009.

 

 

 

Wiese im Park

 

(Schloß Janowitz)

 

Wie wird mir zeitlos. Rückwärts hingebannt

weil' ich und stehe fest im Wiesenplan,

wie in dem grünen Spiegel hier der Schwan.

Und dieses war mein Land.

 

Die vielen Glockenblumen! Horch und schau!

Wie lange steht er schon auf diesem Stein,

der Admiral. Es muß ein Sonntag sein

und alles läutet blau.

 

Nicht weiter will ich. Eitler Fuß, mach Halt!

Vor diesem Wunder ende deinen Lauf.

Ein toter Tag schlägt seine Augen auf.

Und alles bleibt so alt.

 

 

 

 

Flieder

 

Nun weiß ich doch, 's ist Frühling wieder.

Ich sah es nicht vor so viel Nacht

und lange hatt' ich's nicht gedacht.

Nun merk' ich erst, schon blüht der Flieder.

 

Wie fand ich das Geheimnis wieder?

Man hatte mich darum gebracht.

Was hat die Welt aus uns gemacht!

Ich dreh' mich um, da blüht der Flieder.

 

Und danke Gott, er schuf mich wieder,

indem er wiederschuf die Pracht.

Sie anzuschauen aufgewacht,

so bleib' ich stehn. Noch blüht der Flieder

 

 

 

 

Sehnsucht

 

Es war einmal.

Ich leb' am Tage vom Gedanken,

nachts von der Qual;

oft träum' ich nur vom Traum.

Du gehst dahin und bist dir selbst es kaum.

In meinem Wahn jedoch, dem fieberkranken,

sind deine Wesen ohne Zahl.

 

 

 

 

Kraus
Karl Kraus (28 april 1874 - 12 juni 1936)

 

 

 

 

De Azteekse dichter en filosoof Nezahualcóyotl werd geboren in Texcoco op 28 april 1402.

 

Uit: SONG OF NEZAHUALCOYOTL (Fragment)

 

Our drums are ready; already I inspire the eagles and jaguars to

dance. Already you are on your feet, song flower. I search for

songs, our adornments. Ayyo.

 

Toward the end of it all I, Nezahualcoyotl, go weeping. Why must I

go lose myself in the land of the dead? Already I leave you, by

whom all live, you command me to lose myself in the land of the

dead. Ayyo.

 

How will things continue on Earth, in Acolhuacan? In time will

you disperse all your dependents, spirit of all I leave behind?

 

Only songs are our adornments. Already He destroys our painted

books, the princes. Be joyful here, no one has his house on earth;

we must leave the fragrant flowers. Ayyo.

 

Drums: Quititi quititi quiti quiti tocoto tocoti tocototocoti. Just

thus it will come back in.

 

Let there be flower songs. Let my younger brothers sing. I drink

intoxicating flowers; already they have arrived, the flowers that

make us dizzy, they come to glorify. Ayyo.

 

Let there be flowers. Bouquets of flowers have already arrived here;

flowers of pleasure are scattered, many-colored flowers rain

entwined. The drum resounds: let the dance begin. Ayyo.

 

 

 

 

nezahualcoyotl
Nezahualcóyotl (28 april 1402 - 4 juni 1472)

 

 

 

 

De Franse dichter Auguste Barbier werd geboren op 28 april 1805 in Parijs.

 

 

La curée

I

 

Oh ! lorsqu'un lourd soleil chauffait les grandes dalles

Des ponts et de nos quais déserts,

Que les cloches hurlaient, que la grêle des balles

Sifflait et pleuvait par les airs ;

Que dans Paris entier, comme la mer qui monte,

Le peuple soulevé grondait,

Et qu'au lugubre accent des vieux canons de fonte

La Marseillaise répondait,

Certe, on ne voyait pas, comme au jour où nous sommes,

Tant d'uniformes à la fois ;

C'était sous des haillons que battaient les coeurs d'homme

C'étaient alors de sales doigts

Qui chargeaient les mousquets et renvoyaient la foudre ;

C'était la bouche aux vils jurons

Qui mâchait la cartouche, et qui, noire de poudre,

Criait aux citoyens : Mourons !

 

 

 

 

Barbier
Auguste Barbier (28 april 1805 – 14 februari 1882)

 

 

 

Zie voor de twee bovenstaande schrijvers ook mijn blog van 28 april 2008 en ook mijn blog van 28 april 2009.

 

 

 

 

De Tataarse dichter Ğabdulla Tuqay werd geboren op 28 april 1886 in Qoşlawıç in Kazan, Rusland (tegenwoordig Tatarstan). Zie ook mijn blog van 28 april 2007 en ook mijn blog van 28 april 2008 en ook mijn blog van 28 april 2009.

 

 

 

Ô, ma langue maternelle! (Fragment)

 

Ô, langue chérie de mon enfance

Ô, langue enchanteresse de ma mère !

C'est toi qui m'a permis de chercher à connaître

Le monde, depuis mes jeunes années

 

Quand tout enfant je n'arrivais pas à dormir

Ma mère me chantait des berceuses

Et grand-maman me racontait des histoires

À travers l'obscurité pour me fermer les yeux

 

Ô, ma langue! Tu as toujours été

Mon soutien dans la douleur et dans la joie

Je te comprends et je te chéris tendrement

Depuis l'âge où j'étais un petit garçon

 

Dans ma langue, j'ai appris avec patience

À exprimer ma foi et à dire :

« Ô, Créateur! Bénis mes parents

Allah, emporte mes péchés! »

 

 

 

 

tuqay
Ğabdulla Tuqay (28 april 1886 – 15 april 1913)

 

 

 

 

De Engelse dichter en vertaler Charles Cotton werd geboren op 28 april 1630 in Beresford in Staffordshire. Zie ook ook mijn blog van 28 april 2009.

 

 

 

The Noon Quatrains 

 

THE Day grows hot, and darts his rays

From such a sure and killing place,

That half this World are fain to fly

The danger of his burning eye.

His early glories were benign,

Warm to be felt, bright to be seen,

And all was comfort, but who can

Endure him when Meridian?

Of him we as of kings complain,

Who mildly do begin to reign,

But to the Zenith got of pow'r,

Those whom they should protect devour.

Has not another Phaeton

Mounted the chariot of the Sun,

And, wanting art to guide his horse,

Is hurri'd from the Sun's due course.

If this hold on, our fertile lands

Will soon be turn'd to parched sands,

And not an onion that will grow

Without a Nile to overflow.

The grazing herds now droop and pant,

E'en without labour fit to faint,

And willingly forsook their meat

To seek out cover from the heat.

The lagging ox is no unbound,

From larding

the new turn'd up ground, [pressing down]

Whilst Hobbinal alike o'er-laid

Takes his coarse dinner to the shade.

Cellars and grottos now are best

To eat and drink in, or to rest,

And not a soul above is found

Can find a refuge under ground.

When pagan tyranny grew hot,

Thus persecuted Christians got

Into the dark but friendly womb

Of unknown subterranean Rome

. [the Roman catacombs]

And as that heat did cool at last,

So a few scorching hours o'er-pass'd,

In a more mild and temp'rate ray

We may again enjoy the Day.

 

 

 

 

CharlesCotton

Charles Cotton (28 april 1630 – 16 februari 1687)

 

 

 

 

Zie voor onderstaande schrijver ook mijn blog van 28 april 2007.

 

De Duitse schrijver Bruno Apitz werd geboren in Leipzig op 29 april 1900.

28-04-09

Roberto Bolaño, Harper Lee, Karl Kraus, Nezahualcóyotl, Auguste Barbier, Ğabdulla Tuqay, Alistair MacLean, Charles Cotton, Bruno Apitz


De Chileense schrijver Roberto Bolaño werd geboren op 28 april 1953 in Santiago de Chile. Een groot deel van zijn jeugd bracht hij door in Mexico. Toen Salvador Allende in 1972 aan de macht was gekomen keerde hij naar Chili terug. Na de militaire staatsgreep van 1973 zat hij acht dasgen vast. Daarna kon hij het land weer verlaten, ging eerst naar El Salvador en daarna weer naar Mexico. Toen in Spanje het Franco regime verdwenen was vestigde hij zich daar. Hij voorzag in zijn levensonderhoud via allerlei jobs tot hij in de jaren tachtig van het prijzengeld van verschiilende literaire wedstrijden kon leven. Na surrealistische gedichten begon hij proza te schrijven. In 1999 kreeg hij voor zijn hoofdwerk Los detectives salvajes" de Premio Herralde de Novela en de Premio Rómulo Gallegos.

 

Uit: The Savage Detectives

 

“I’m not really sure what visceral realism is. I’m seventeen years old, my name is Juan García Madero, and I’m in my first semester of law school. I wanted to study literature, not law, but my uncle insisted, and in the end I gave in. I’m an orphan, and someday I’ll be a lawyer. That’s what I told my aunt and uncle, and then I shut myself in my room and cried all night. Or anyway for a long time. Then, as if it were settled, I started class in the law school’s hallowed halls, but a month later I registered for Julio César Álamo’s poetry workshop in the literature department, and that was how I met the visceral realists, or viscerealists or even vicerealists, as they sometimes like to call themselves. Up until then, I had attended the workshop four times and nothing ever happened, though only in a manner of speaking, of course, since naturally something always happened: we read poems, and Álamo praised them or tore them to pieces, depending on his mood; one person would read, Álamo would critique, another person would read, Álamo would critique, somebody else would read, Álamo would critique. Sometimes Álamo would get bored and ask us (those of us who weren’t reading just then) to critique too, and then we would critique and Álamo would read the paper.

It was the ideal method for ensuring that no one was friends with anyone, or else that our friendships were unhealthy and based on resentment.

And I can’t say that Álamo was much of a critic either, even though he talked a lot about criticism. Really I think he just talked for the sake of talking. He knew what periphrasis was. Not very well, but he knew. But he didn’t know what pentapody was (a line of five feet in classical meter, as everybody knows), and he didn’t know what a nicharchean was either (a line something like the phalaecean), or what a tetrastich was (a four-line stanza). How do I know he didn’t know? Because on the first day of the workshop, I made the mistake of asking. I have no idea what I was thinking. The only Mexican poet who knows things like that by heart is Octavio Paz (our great enemy), the others are clueless, or at least that was what Ulises Lima told me minutes after I joined the visceral realists and they embraced me as one of their own.”

 

 

 

 

Roberto_Bolano_Estrella_distante_Chile
Roberto Bolaño (28 april 1953 – 15 juli 2003)

 

 

 

 

 

De Amerikaans schrijfster Nelle Harper Lee werd geboren in Monroeville op 28 april 1926. Zij is vooral bekend geworden door haar boek To Kill a Mockingbird uit 1960 dat een Pulitzer-prijs won in 1961. Lee is de jongste uit een gezin van vier kinderen. n haar jeugdjaren was ze het buurmeisje van schrijver Truman Capote, met wie ze een levenslange vriendschap had en wie tevens een inspiratiebron was voor een van de karakters in Mockingbird. Na het behalen van haar diploma voor secundair onderwijs, studeerde ze aan Huntingdon College. Na een jaar ging ze daar weg om rechten te studeren aan de University of Alabama. Daarnaast heeft ze een jaar in Oxford gestudeerd, voordat ze naar New York City verhuisde in 1950. Lee schreef een serie korte verhalen over het leven in het zuiden van de Verenigde Staten. Deze bood ze een uitgever aan voor publicatie in 1957. Haar redacteur Tay Hohoff moedigde haar echter aan om deze verhalen om te zetten in een roman, dit werd To Kill a Mockingbird. Tot op de dag van vandaag is het een bestseller in de Verenigde Staten.

Na dit boek trok ze zich grotendeels terug uit het publieke leven en publiceerde vrijwel niks meer. Ze begeleidde Truman Capote bij zijn onderzoek naar In Cold Blood.

 

Uit: To Kill a Mockingbird

 

“When he was nearly thirteen, my brother Jem got his arm badly broken at the elbow. When it healed, and Jem's fears of never being able to play football were assuaged, he was seldom self-conscious about his injury. His left arm was somewhat shorter than his right; when he stood or walked, the back of his hand was at right angles to his body, his thumb parallel to his thigh. He couldn't have cared less, so long as he could pass and punt.

When enough years had gone by to enable us to look back on them, we sometimes discussed the events leading to his accident. I maintain that the Ewells started it all, but Jem, who was four years my senior, said it started long before that. He said it began the summer Dill came to us, when Dill first gave us the idea of making Boo Radley come out.

I said if he wanted to take a broad view of the thing, it really began with Andrew Jackson. If General Jackson hadn't run the Creeks up the creek, Simon Finch would never have paddled up the Alabama, and where would we be if he hadn't? We were far too old to settle an argument with a fist-fight, so we consulted Atticus. Our father said we were both right.

Being Southerners, it was a source of shame to some members of the family that we had no recorded ancestors on either side of the Battle of Hastings. All we had was Simon Finch, a fur-trapping apothecary from Cornwall whose piety was exceeded only by his stinginess. In England, Simon was irritated by the persecution of those who called themselves Methodists at the hands of their more liberal brethren, and as Simon called himself a Methodist, he worked his way across the Atlantic to Philadelphia, thence to Jamaica, thence to Mobile, and up the Saint Stephens.”

 

 

 

 

Harper_lee
Harper Lee (Monroeville, 28 april 1926)

 

 

 

 

 

De Joods-Oostenrijkse dichter, schrijver en journalist Karl Kraus werd geboren in Jičin, Bohemen, Oostenrijk-Hongarije (thans Tsjechië) op 28 april 1874. Zie ook mijn blog van 28 april 2007 en ook mijn blog van 28 april 2008.

 

 

 

Der Funktionär

 

Entgegenkommend zu sein und verbindlich

des k.k. Beamten äußerstes Lob war,

das in der Amtssprache jemals empfindlich,

wenn er nicht hinsichtlich dessen auch grob war.

 

Um die Bestandteile gut zu verbinden,

mußte der Funktionär konnivent sein,

nach oben, nach unten, nach hinten sich winden,

hauptsächlich, weil mr eh schon am End sein.

 

Nun, da sie doch auseinandergegangen,

was soll ihm noch seine Verbindlichkeit frommen?

Höchstens, um rücksichtlich anzufangen,

unserem Ende entgegenzukommen.

 

 

 

 

 

Das arme Leben

 

Tust du nicht unrecht diesen Freuden?

Verbergen sie nicht Gram und Qual?

Verzittert nicht das tiefste Leiden

in einem Tränenbach-Kanal?

 

Hat doch der Glaube sie zum Narren,

daß jeder Schritt ins Freie drängt,

wenn sie in diese Enge starren,

die sich nur immer mehr verengt.

 

Bange macht jedem jede Stunde,

die von ihm abnimmt Stück für Stück,

und jeder zieht mit einer Wunde

in sein Verhängnis sich zurück.

 

Wer fühlt das Leben nicht vertropfen

und wie es in den Tod verfällt!

Sie hören ihre Herzen klopfen,

und eben darum lärmt die Welt.

 

Jeglicher Blick verkürzt das Dauern

von der bemessnen Wartezeit,

und jeder Atemzug ist Schauern,

und jeder Gang ein Grabgeleit.

 

Wenn sie verrucht den andern nahmen

den zugeteilten Henkerschmaus,

es hat zum vorbestimmten Amen

der vollste Magen nichts voraus.

 

Heben vergebens ihre Hände,

eh sie vereint das letzte Band.

Sie reichen alle doch am Ende

einander ihre Totenhand.

 

 

 

 

 

kraus - Kokoschka
Karl Kraus (28 april 1874 - 12 juni 1936)

Karl Kraus door Oskar Kokoschka, 1925

 

 

 

 

 

De Azteekse dichter en filosoof Nezahualcóyotl werd geboren in Texcoco op 28 april 1402. Zie ook mijn blog van 28 april 2008.

 

Uit: SONG OF NEZAHUALCOYOTL (Fragment)

 

 

   I, the singer, plumes of narcotic flowers tint my heart; already I

   scatter flowers, they are quickly taken. Enjoy. Within my heart the

   song flowers burst, already I scatter flowers. Ayyo.

 

   With songs I must deck m+yself, with flowers my heart must be

   entwined: they are princes, they are kings! Ayyo.

 

   For this I cry sometimes and say: The fame of my flowers, the renown

   of my songs, I will leave abandoned someday: with flowers my heart

   must be entwined: they are princes, they are kings! Ayyo.

 

   Drums: Tico toco tocoto. At the end: ticoto ticoto.

 

   As a parrot, as a quechol bird, I fly above the earth, my heart

   drunk. Ahuayyai.

 

   I am a quetzal, I arrive in the One Spirit's place of rain,

   beautifully over the flowers; singing, my heart fills with joy.

   Ahuayyai.

 

   Flowers flood the earth: my heart is drunk. Ahuayyai.

 

   I cry and grieve, for no one has a home on earth. Ahuayyai.

 

   I, a Mexica, say, let me have pleasure as I march to Tecuantepec:

   I go to destroy the Chiltepecans, so the Tecuantepecans may weep.

 

   If only these warriors of mine, these Mexicas, were not so warlike!

   They destroy! Ahuayyai.

 

   A comet showers down upon them. Perished are the Xochitecans,

   weeping are the Amaxtecans, weeping are the Tecuantepecans.

   Ahuayyai.

 

 

 

 

nezahualcoyotl
Nezahualcóyotl (28 april 1402 - 4 juni 1472)

 

 

 

 

 

De Franse dichter Auguste Barbier werd geboren op 28 april 1805 in Parijs. Zie ook mijn blog van 28 april 2008.

 

 

Iambes, le progres

 

à quoi servent, grand dieu ! Les leçons de l' histoire

pour l' avenir des citoyens,

et tous les faits notés dans une page noire

par la main des historiens,

si les mêmes excès et les mêmes misères

reparaissent dans tous les temps,

et si de tous les temps les exemples des pères

sont imités par leurs enfants ?

ô pauvres insensés ! Qui, le front ceint de chêne

devant l' univers enchanté,

voilà six ans bientôt, entonnions d' une haleine

l' hymne brûlant de liberté !

Nous chantions tous en choeur, dans une sainte ivresse,

la vierge pure comme l' or,

sans penser que plus tard l' immortelle déesse

devait tant nous coûter encor.

Nous rêvions un ciel doux, un ciel exempt d' orages,

un éternel et vaste azur,

tandis que sur nos fronts s' amassaient les nuages :

l' avenir devenait obscur.

Et nous avons revu ce qu' avaient vu nos pères,

le sang humain dans les ruisseaux,

et l' angoisse des nuits glaçant le coeur des mères,

quand le plomb battait les carreaux ;

le régicide infect aux vengeances infâmes

et ses stupides attentats,

la baïonnette ardente entrant au sein des femmes,

les enfants percés dans leurs bras :

enfin les vieux forfaits d' une époque cruelle

se sont tous relevés, hélas !

Pour nous faire douter qu' en sa marche éternelle

le monde ait avancé d' un pas.

 

 

 

 

barbier
Auguste Barbier (28 april 1805 – 14 februari 1882)

 

 

 

 

 

De Tataarse dichter Ğabdulla Tuqay werd geboren op 28 april 1886 in Qoşlawıç in Kazan, Rusland (tegenwoordig Tatarstan). Zie ook mijn blog van 28 april 2007 en ook mijn blog van 28 april 2008.

 

 

The Shuraleh (Fragment)

(A mythical horned demon,

which inhabits the forests of Qazan.)

 

Past Qazan into the country

There's a village called Qirlay.

In that village even hens cluck.

God alone could tell you why.

 

Even though I was not born there,

For a while it was my home.

There in spring I tilled and harrowed,

In the autumn reaped the loam.

 

I recall in all directions

Lay the backwood's broad delight.

Grasslands there of glossy velvet

Dazzled everybody's sight.

 

And is the village large? О no!

It's just a hamlet in a ring.

All its daily drinking water

Comes from one, lone tiny spring.

 

 

 

 

Tuqay_monument_in_St-Peterburg
Ğabdulla Tuqay (28 april 1886 – 15 april 1913)

Standbeeld in Sint Petersburg

 

 

 

 

 

De Schotse schrijver Alistair Stuart MacLean werd geboren op 28 april 1922 in Glasgow. Zie ook  Zie ook mijn blog van 28 april 2007 en ook mijn blog van 28 april 2008.

 

Uit: Ice Station Zebra

 

" My executive offucer, Torpedoman Rawlings and Radioman Zabrinski," Swanson said formally, " don't like this."

...

" They won't let you go through with it," Swanson went on, " unless, that is, you will permit them to accompany you, which they have volunteered to do."

" Volunteered," Rawlings sniffed. " You, you, and you."

" I don't want them," I said.

" Gracious, ain't he?" Rawlings asked of no one in particular. " You might at least have said thanks, Doc."

" You are putting the lives of your men in danger, Commander Swanson. You know what your orders said....

" What do your men think of your making them risk their lives to save the good name of the submarine service?"

" You heard the captain," Rawlings said. " We're volunteers. Look at Zabrinski there, anyone can see that he is a man cast in a heroic mould."

" Have you thought of what happens," I said, " if the ice closes in when we're away and the captain has to take the ship down."

" Don't even talk of it," Zabrinski urged. " I'm not all that heroic."

 

 

 

 

Alistair_MacLean
Alistair MacLean (28 april 1922 - 2 februari 1987)

 

 

 

 

 

 

De Engelse dichter en vertaler Charles Cotton werd geboren op 28 april 1630 in Beresford in Staffordshire. Hij is bekend geworden door zijn vertaling van het werk van Michel de Montaigne en door zijn bijdragen aan The Compleat Angler en zijn invloed op The Compleat Gamester.

 

 

To Coelia

  

WHEN, Coelia, must my old day set,

   And my young morning rise

In beams of joy so bright as yet

   Ne'er bless'd a lover's eyes?

My state is more advanced than when

   I first attempted thee:

I sued to be a servant then,

   But now to be made free.

 

I've served my time faithful and true,

   Expecting to be placed

In happy freedom, as my due,

   To all the joys thou hast:

Ill husbandry in love is such

   A scandal to love's power,

We ought not to misspend so much

   As one poor short-lived hour.

 

Yet think not, sweet! I'm weary grown,

   That I pretend such haste;

Since none to surfeit e'er was known

   Before he had a taste:

My infant love could humbly wait

   When, young, it scarce knew how

To plead; but grown to man's estate,

   He is impatient now.

 

 

 

 

 

charles-cotton-1-sized

Charles Cotton (28 april 1630 – 16 februari 1687)

 

 

 

 

Zie voor onderstaande schrijver ook mijn blog van 28 april 2007.

 

De Duitse schrijver Bruno Apitz werd geboren in Leipzig op 29 april 1900.